• During the First South Summit of the G77 in Havana, Cuba in 2000, the Heads of State and Government of the G77 agreed to establish a network of scientific organizations of the South to promote science and technology. In this context, the Havana Programme of Action stated in its paragraph 7 (2) the need to �establish a consortium on knowledge and technology comprising representatives from the governments, private sector and other relevant organizations which should meet on a regular basis in order to promote joint ventures in the South in the field of science and technology.� The Heads of State and Government also mandated that the Chairman of the Group of 77 should initiate action for the establishment of such consortium and report on a regular basis to the annual Ministerial Meeting on this issue.
  • Within the context of the follow-up and implementation of the First South Summit outcome, (paragraph 7. (2) of the Havana Programme of Action,) the Group of 77 held the first High-Level Conference on Science and Technology in Dubai from 27 to 30 October 2002. The exhibition on science and technology was cosponsored by the Trieste System of Scientific Institutions (Italy) and many scientists from the developing world as well as from developed countries participated in the Conference on that occasion.
  • The G77 initiative was formally established by the Second South Summit held in Doha, Qatar, from 12 to 16 June 2005 following a recommendation by the Ministers of Science and Technology of the Member States of the Group of 77 during the South-South High-Level Conference on Science and Technology held in Dubai, United Arab Emirates, from 27 to 30 October 2002 under the Chairmanship of the Group of 77 in New York (Venezuela). 

First High-Level Conference on Science & Technology Dubai, United Arab Emirates, October 2002